The Nine Freedoms of the Air

The Nine Freedoms of the Air

 

freedom airlines

Freedoms of the Air are a set of commercial rights granting a country's airlines the privilege to enter and land in another country's airspace. In other meaning, they are economic protocols agreed to by countries for the commercial flow of revenue traffic by air.

The Chicago Convention stated that every country has complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above its territory, and there is no recognition of the right of peaceful passage. That is why freedoms of the air have been introduced. 


Note. I used the word " country" instead of "state".


Another reason, because of disagreements over the extent of aviation liberalization in the Chicago Convention, triggered by the United States' proposal of a standardized set of separate air rights to be negotiated between countries. Most other countries were concerned that the size of the United States airlines would dominate air travel if there were no strict rules.

 

ICAO characterizes all "freedoms" beyond the Fifth as " so-called" because only the first five "freedoms" have been officially recognized as such by international treaty. The use of the terms "freedom" and "right" confers entitlement to operate international air services only within the scope of the multilateral and bilateral treaties (air services agreements between countries).

 

We can say that the freedoms of the air are the fundamental building blocks of the international commercial aviation route network.

 

Freedoms of the Air 

First Freedom of the Air

An overflight right or right of overflight is the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one country to another country or country to fly across its territory without landing.

 

freedom air

Second Freedom of the Air

A technical stop right or right of technical stop is the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one country to another country or country to land in its territory for non-traffic purposes.

 

freedom airlines

Third Freedom of The Air

The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one country to another country to put down, in the territory of the First Country, traffic coming from the home country of the carrier.

 

freedom air

Fourth Freedom of The Air

The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one country to another country to take on, in the territory of the First Country, traffic destined for the home country of the carrier.

 

freedom airlines

Fifth Freedom of The Air

 The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one country to another country to put down and to take on, in the territory of the First Country, traffic coming from or destined to a third country.

 

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The so-called Sixth Freedom of the Air

The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, of transporting, via the home country of the carrier, traffic moving between two other Countries. The so-called Sixth Freedom of the Air, unlike the first five freedoms, are not incorporated as such into any widely recognized air service agreements such as the "Five Freedoms Agreement".

 

freedom airlines

The so-called Seventh Freedom of the Air

The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one country to another country, of transporting traffic between the territory of the granting country and any third country with no requirement to include on such operation any point in the territory of the recipient country,

i.e the service need not connect to or be an extension of any service to/from the home country of the carrier.

div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;">Freedoms of the Air

The so-called Eighth Freedom of the Air

The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, of transporting cabotage traffic between two points in the territory of the granting country on a service that originates or terminates in the home country of the foreign carrier or (in connection with the so-called Seventh Freedom of the Air) outside the territory of the granting country.

 

freedoms of the air

The so-called Ninth Freedom of the Air

The right or privilege of transporting cabotage traffic of the granting Country on service performed entirely within the territory of the granting country.

freedom air


Maged Saeed AL-Hadabi

I’m Instructor / Maged Saeed Al-Hadabi. ​ Air Cargo / IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations / Safety Management System Senior Instructor, Auditor [ Yemen Airways] . Approved IATA DGR/ SMS Instructor by Yemen Civil Aviation Authority. We hope you find Aviation Professional website not only informative, but interesting and helpful as well. Leave your comment , thank you.

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