ICAO Annex 19 | Safety Management Summary

 

What is ICAO annex 19?

 In Montreal, March 2010, ICAO hold a high-level safety conference regarding the need for an Annex dedicated to safety management. ICAO aims to enhance its strategic regulatory and infrastructure developments and stress the importance of overall safety performance in all aspects of air transport operations.

Annex 19 is available in six languages — English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish.

In this article, I will give you a summary of ICAO annex 19 safety management to help you understand the purpose and benefit of this annex.

 

What is ICAO annex 19?

It is the latest annex to the Chicago Convention adopted by ICAO Council on 25 February 2013 and became applicable on 14 November 2013.  The first edition of Annex 19 was a consolidation of existing overarching safety management provisions which support the continued evolution of a proactive strategy to improve aviation safety performance.

ICAO's proactive safety strategy is based on the implementation of a State safety program (SSP) that systematically addresses safety risks. At the same time, the implementation of the safety management systems (SMS) by the service providers. In addition, the integration of the State safety oversight (SSO) system-critical elements (CEs) and the State safety program (SSP) provisions.

 

Why a new annex?

Because ICAO Annex 19 has many benefits such as:

-   Addressing safety risks proactively

-   Managing and supporting strategic regulatory and infrastructure developments.

-   Reinforces the role played by States in managing aviation safety at the state level, in coordination with service providers.

-    Stressing the concept of overall safety performance in all domains.

 

ICAO Annex 19 Safety Management Provisions

The first edition of ICAO annex 19 consolidates safety management provisions previously contained in six other ICAO Annexes which are:

Annex 1 - Personnel licensing

Annex 6 - Operation of aircraft

Annex 8 - Airworthiness of Aircraft

Annex 11 - Air Traffic Services

Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation

Annex 14 - Aerodromes

 

You may need to know what subjects are included in the 19 annexes to the Chicago Convention?

Ok, I will give you summary of each subject covered by the safety management annex. But before we go more, you should understand the Annex components.


Annex 19 Components

The Components of ICAO Annex 19 Safety Management are:

A- Standards

Uniform application is recognized as necessary

B- Recommended Practices

Uniform application is recognized as desirable

C- Appendices

Form part of the Standards and Recommended Practices


Note :

If any state has differences from the ICAO standards it must notify ICAO about it. While, differences from ICAO recommended practices, no need to notify differences to ICAO.

 

ICAO Annex 19 – Contents

FOREWORD

CHAPTER 1. Definitions

The most important definitions are:

Hazard

A condition or an object with the potential to cause or contribute to an aircraft incident or accident.

Safety

The state in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level.

Safety data

A defined set of facts or set of safety values collected from various aviation-related sources, which is used to maintain or improve safety.

Note.— Such safety data is collected from proactive or reactive safety-related activities, including but not limited to:

a) accident or incident investigations;

b) safety reporting;

c) continuing airworthiness reporting;

d) operational performance monitoring;

e) inspections, audits, surveys; or

f) safety studies and reviews.

Safety information

 Safety data processed, organized or analyzed in a given context so as to make it useful for safety management purposes.

Safety management system (SMS)

A systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountability, responsibilities, policies and procedures.

Safety oversight

A function performed by a State to ensure that individuals and organizations performing an aviation activity comply with safety-related national laws and regulations.

Safety performance

A State or a service provider’s safety achievement as defined by its safety performance targets and safety performance indicators.

Safety risk

 The predicted probability and severity of the consequences or outcomes of a hazard.

State safety program (SSP)

An integrated set of regulations and activities aimed at improving safety.

 

CHAPTER 2. Applicability

Annex 19 Standards and Recommended Practices applies to safety management functions related to, or indirect support of, the safe operation of aircraft.

Chapter 4 and 5 includes the ICAO annex 19 requirements

 

 CHAPTER 3. State safety management responsibilities

In this chapter, ICAO enforce States to establish and maintain

-   SSP is commensurate with the size and complexity of the States' civil aviation system.


SSP Components

1- Safety Policy and Objectives

2- Safety Risk Management

3- Safety Assurance

4-Safety Promotion



-     State safety policy, objectives, and resources which include: 


^ Primary aviation legislation per section 1 of Appendix 1.


^ Specific operating regulations per section 2 of Appendix 1.


^ State system and functions per section 3 of Appendix 1.


^ Requirements for the qualification of technical personnel per section 4 of Appendix 1.


^ Technical guidance and tools and provide safety-critical information per section 5 of Appendix 1.



-          State safety risk management which meets ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices SARPs regarding:


^ Licensing, certification, authorization and approval obligations (section 6 of Appendix 1.)


^ Safety management system obligations (enforcing service providers under state authority to implement an SMS)


^ Accident and incident investigation (per Annex 13).


^ Hazard identification and safety risk assessment (maintaining a process to identify hazards from collected safety data).


^ Management of safety risks (per section 8 in Appendix 1).


-          State safety assurance which meets ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices SARPs regarding:

^ Surveillance obligations (per section 7 of Appendix 1).


^ State safety performance (to be achieved through their SSP).

   


-          State safety risk management which meets ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices SARPs regarding:


^ Internal communication and dissemination of safety information (promoting safety awareness and sharing and exchange of safety information).


^ External communication and dissemination of safety information (promoting safety awareness and sharing and exchange of safety information).

 

  Chapter 4 - Safety Management System

The SMS of a service provider must be established per the framework elements contained in Appendix 2. And the responsibility of the States to ensure that the service provider develops a plan to facilitate SMS implementation.

ICAO Annex 19 SMS framework is contained in Appendix 2, but I will give you SMS framework components here.

SMS Components

1- Safety Policy and Objectives

2- Safety Risk Management

3- Safety Assurance

4-Safety Promotion

 

Chapter 5. Safety data and safety information collection, analysis, protection, sharing, and exchange

The objective of this chapter is to ensure the continued availability of safety data and safety information to support safety management activities. ICAO required states to establish safety data collection and processing systems (SDCPS) to capture, store, aggregate, and enable the analysis of safety data and safety information. And maintaining a process to analyzing the safety data. In addition, according to protection to safety data.

Finally, ICAO encourages states to participate in safety information sharing and exchange after States have been agreed on the level of protection and conditions on which safety information will be shared.

 

These provisions, transferred from Annex 13, provide the necessary foundation for the collection, protection, analysis, and exchange of safety data to complement the SSP provisions.

 

Appendix 1. State safety oversight (SSO) system-critical elements (CES)

Appendix 2. Framework for a safety management system (SMS)

Appendix 3. Principles for the protection of safety data, safety information, and related sources

 

After completing the ICAO annex 19 safety management summary, I will give you short details about ICAO Doc 9859.

 

Safety Management Manual (Doc 9859)

ICAO Doc 9859 provide States and product and service providers with:

  • An overview of accepted safety management fundamentals.
  •  A summary of ICAO SARPs.
  •  Guidance on the ICAO harmonized SSP framework and its implementation and operation.
  •  Guidance for product and service providers on SMS framework and its implementation and operation.
  • Guidance for product and service providers on SMS development, implementation, and maintenance.
  • ICAO Doc 9859 one of many references while preparing SMS manuals and SSP program.


Summary

The Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) in this Annex are intended to assist States in managing aviation safety risks. Given the increasing complexity of the global air transportation system and its interrelated aviation activities required to assure the safe operation of aircraft, this Annex supports the continued evolution of a proactive strategy to improve safety performance. The foundation of this proactive safety strategy is based on the implementation of a State safety program (SSP) that systematically addresses safety risks.

 

Thank you for reading and see you next Monday,Maged.

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